Two-dimensional or 2D animation is characterized by having its objects and characters created in the two-dimensional space. It means that they only have width and height. It’s considered a traditional animation style, known from the 1800s. Initially, it was created by pulling together the frames in which one drawing was followed by another one which slightly differed from it. Every second included 2400 frames. We all remember the classic Disney animations, right? Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Bambi, The Little Mermaid, and so on. They are some of the most popular 2D animations.
The pre-production process is the first stage of creating animations. During this stage, the animation team develops the story and writes the script of the animation, designs the characters, creates a storyboard, chooses the color palettes, prepares the backgrounds, and records the voice-over. This is a preparation stage for the main process, so it needs to be properly done.
A well-written script should imply all the visual actions and storyline. The storyboard is based on the script, so it visually represents the sequence of actions and events by showing how they are organized.
The next step is creating the characters, outlining the backgrounds, and preparing other visual elements of the animation. It starts from simple sketches and develops into detailed designs and images. Then, it’s time to decide the color palettes of the animation, including the colors of various objects and lighting.
Another important part of any animation are backgrounds where different actions come to life and the characters perform their activities.
During the pre-production process, the main background layouts are sketched, based on the storyboard. The prepared sketches will be painted during the production process.